解决win7与mysql数据库不兼容问题

2012-6-13 11:19:53 来源:网络转载 浏览:1188
由于win7相对xp等系统来说是比较新的系统,难免在使用过程中会出现软件不兼容的情况,但是如果您的电脑在使用Mysql数据库的时候出现了与win7不兼容的情况,也许我们这篇文章《解决win7与mysql数据库不兼容问题》可以帮到您,下面我们就一起来看看吧!

 有的win7版本可以和mysql兼容,可以很容易安装上去。但有的版本不行。
我之前的win7上装不了mysql5.0,但可以装上mysql5.1。但是我重装了新的win7之后就都装不上去了。我试了四五个版本,装了不下10次,但每一次都是最后一步卡住了。
突然我想到了直接把安装好的mysql5.0的整个文件夹都拷过来,于是便开始动手试了试,三个小时后终于试验成功了。
方法如下:
下载一个安装好的mysql压缩包。
首先找到my.ini,没有就建一个。做如下配置

# Example MySQL config file for large systems.
#
# This is for a large system with memory = 512M where the system runs mainly
# MySQL.
#
# You can copy this file to
# /etc/my.cnf to set global options,
# mysql-data-dir/my.cnf to set server-specific options (in this
# installation this directory is /usr/local/var) or
# ~/.my.cnf to set user-specific options.
#
# In this file, you can use all long options that a program supports.
# If you want to know which options a program supports, run the program
# with the '--help' option.

# The following options will be passed to all MySQL clients
[client]
#password = your_password
port  = 3306
socket  = /tmp/mysql.sock

[WinMySQLadmin]

Server=C:/MySQL/MySQL_Server_5.0/bin/mysqld-nt.exe

# Here follows entries for some specific programs

# The MySQL server
[mysqld]
port  = 3306

#Path to installation directory. All paths are usually resolved relative to this.
basedir='C:/MySQL/MySQL_Server_5.0/'

#Path to the database root
datadir='C:/MySQL/MySQL_Server_5.0/data'

# The default character set that will be used when a new schema or table is
# created and no character set is defined
default-character-set=utf8

socket  = /tmp/mysql.sock
skip-locking
key_buffer = 256M
max_allowed_packet = 1M
table_cache = 256
sort_buffer_size = 1M
read_buffer_size = 1M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 4M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 64M
thread_cache_size = 8
query_cache_size= 16M
# Try number of CPU's*2 for thread_concurrency
thread_concurrency = 8

# Don't listen on a TCP/IP port at all. This can be a security enhancement,
# if all processes that need to connect to mysqld run on the same host.
# All interaction with mysqld must be made via Unix sockets or named pipes.
# Note that using this option without enabling named pipes on Windows
# (via the 'enable-named-pipe' option) will render mysqld useless!
#
#skip-networking

# Replication Master Server (default)
# binary logging is required for replication
log-bin=mysql-bin

# required unique id between 1 and 2^32 - 1
# defaults to 1 if master-host is not set
# but will not function as a master if omitted
server-id = 1

# Replication Slave (comment out master section to use this)
#
# To configure this host as a replication slave, you can choose between
# two methods :
#
# 1) Use the CHANGE MASTER TO command (fully described in our manual) -
#    the syntax is:
#
#    CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST=<host>, MASTER_PORT=<port>,
#    MASTER_USER=<user>, MASTER_PASSWORD=<password> ;
#
#    where you replace <host>, <user>, <password> by quoted strings and
#    <port> by the master's port number (3306 by default).
#
#    Example:
#
#    CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST='125.564.12.1', MASTER_PORT=3306,
#    MASTER_USER='joe', MASTER_PASSWORD='secret';
#
# OR
#
# 2) Set the variables below. However, in case you choose this method, then
#    start replication for the first time (even unsuccessfully, for example
#    if you mistyped the password in master-password and the slave fails to
#    connect), the slave will create a master.info file, and any later
#    change in this file to the variables' values below will be ignored and
#    overridden by the content of the master.info file, unless you shutdown
#    the slave server, delete master.info and restart the slaver server.
#    For that reason, you may want to leave the lines below untouched
#    (commented) and instead use CHANGE MASTER TO (see above)
#
# required unique id between 2 and 2^32 - 1
# (and different from the master)
# defaults to 2 if master-host is set
# but will not function as a slave if omitted
#server-id       = 2
#
# The replication master for this slave - required
#master-host     =   <hostname>
#
# The username the slave will use for authentication when connecting
# to the master - required
#master-user     =   <username>
#
# The password the slave will authenticate with when connecting to
# the master - required
#master-password =   <password>
#
# The port the master is listening on.
# optional - defaults to 3306
#master-port     =  <port>
#
# binary logging - not required for slaves, but recommended
#log-bin=mysql-bin

# Point the following paths to different dedicated disks
#tmpdir  = /tmp/  
#log-update  = /path-to-dedicated-directory/hostname

# Uncomment the following if you are using BDB tables
#bdb_cache_size = 64M
#bdb_max_lock = 100000

# Uncomment the following if you are using InnoDB tables
#innodb_data_home_dir = /usr/local/var/
#innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:10M:autoextend
#innodb_log_group_home_dir = /usr/local/var/
#innodb_log_arch_dir = /usr/local/var/
# You can set .._buffer_pool_size up to 50 - 80 %
# of RAM but beware of setting memory usage too high
#innodb_buffer_pool_size = 256M
#innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 20M
# Set .._log_file_size to 25 % of buffer pool size
#innodb_log_file_size = 64M
#innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M
#innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
#innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 16M

[mysql]
no-auto-rehash
# Remove the next comment character if you are not familiar with SQL
#safe-updates

[isamchk]
key_buffer = 128M
sort_buffer_size = 128M
read_buffer = 2M
write_buffer = 2M

[myisamchk]
key_buffer = 128M
sort_buffer_size = 128M
read_buffer = 2M
write_buffer = 2M

[mysqlhotcopy]
interactive-timeout

 
其中有三个路径 是你把解压好的文件夹所放的路径,这个路径名中不能有空格。
your_password是你的用户密码,你可以填入你想要的密码,不用引号。
保存好之后到“运行”中去执行一条指令:C:/MySQL/MySQL_Server_5.0/bin/mysqld-nt.exe --install。注意换成你的目录。
这样就注册好了一个mysql服务。接下来就是启动服务:
新建一个文件:start_SQLServer.bat,内容如下:

@ECHO OFF

if exist '%cd%\my.ini' goto startsrv
for /f %%i in ('net start') do if %%i==MySQL goto MySQL_IsRunning
 goto MySQL_NotRunning

:MySQL_IsRunning
 echo 'found Server!'
net stop mysql

bin\mysqld-nt.exe -remove
goto createmyini

:MySQL_NotRunning
 echo 'not found!'

:createmyini
rem -------------------------------------------------------
rem edit my.ini
echo [client] >>my.ini
echo default-character-set=utf-8 >>my.ini
echo port=3306 >>my.ini
echo [server] >>my.ini
echo default-character-set=utf-8 >>my.ini
echo port=3306 >>my.ini
echo [mysql] >>my.ini
echo default-character-set=utf-8>>my.ini
echo [mysqld] >>my.ini
echo port=3306 >>my.ini
echo basedir=%cd% >>my.ini
echo datadir=%cd%/data >>my.ini
echo default-character-set=utf-8 >>my.ini
echo default-storage-engine=INNODB >>my.ini
echo max_connections=100 >>my.ini
echo query_cache_size=8M >>my.ini
echo table_cache=256 >>my.ini
echo tmp_table_size=9M >>my.ini
echo myisam_max_sort_file_size=100G >>my.ini
echo myisam_max_extra_sort_file_size=100G >>my.ini
echo myisam_sort_buffer_size=16M >>my.ini
echo key_buffer_size=9M >>my.ini
echo read_buffer_size=64K >>my.ini
echo read_rnd_buffer_size=256K >>my.ini
echo sort_buffer_size=256K >>my.ini
echo innodb_additional_mem_pool_size=2M >>my.ini
echo innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=1 >>my.ini
echo innodb_log_buffer_size=1M >>my.ini
echo innodb_buffer_pool_size=15M >>my.ini
echo innodb_log_file_size=10M >>my.ini
echo innodb_thread_concurrency=8 >>my.ini
rem edit my.ini end.
rem ---------------------------------------------------------------
:startsrv
bin\mysqld-nt.exe -install
net start MySQL

 
双击运行它就可以启动服务。
怎么停止服务呢?
再新建一个文件:stop_SQLServer.bat

@ECHO off
Set CURRENT_DIR=%cd%
Set MYSQL_HOME=%CURRENT_DIR%
net stop mysql
bin\mysqld-nt.exe -remove

 
双击运行它就关闭服务了。
到这一步就算完成了。以后打开电脑时这个服务就会自动加载。

护卫神下载频道为您提供Mysql系列软件下载:

MySQL 5.0.87 (IIS6 + PHP5 + MySQL5环境必备):http://soft.huweishen.com/soft/27.html

MySQL 5.0.91 (IIS6 + PHP5 + MySQL5环境必备):http://soft.huweishen.com/soft/223.html

MySQL 5.1.59 (IIS6 + PHP5 + MySQL5环境必备):http://soft.huweishen.com/soft/224.html

MySQL 5.1.61 (IIS6 + PHP5 + MySQL5环境必备):http://soft.huweishen.com/soft/265.html

MySQL 5.5.19(IIS6 + PHP5 + MySQL5环境必备):http://soft.huweishen.com/soft/251.html

由于系统的兼容性等问题,大家可以根据系统情况选择性的下载。


 

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